What Are The 7 Musical Notes


    Whole Note Or Semibreve

    Sapta Swaras – Seven Musical Notes – Carnatic Music Lessons

    A hollow oval note head represents a whole note or a semibreve. The length of a full note is equivalent to four beats in a 4/4 time. A whole note receives 4 counts, which means, you have to hold the note for its full value.

    A whole rest corresponds to a whole note, which means, the rest period is equivalent to the duration of the musical note. A whole rest is denoted by a filled-in rectangle hanging under the second line from the top of the staff.

    List Of Musical Symbols

    Musical symbols are marks and symbols in musical notation that indicate various aspects of how a piece of music is to be performed. There are symbols to communicate information about many musical elements, including pitch, duration, dynamics, or articulation of musical notes tempo, metre, form , and details about specific playing techniques .

    Where Can I Write Music

    The 8 Best Sheet Music Maker Apps for Writing Music

  • MuseScore.
  • Noteflight.
  • Well, a seven note scale is simply a likely outcome of an attempt to arrive at a set of notes that is large enough to allow for a decent number of different combinations to try, but for the notes to still sound good together. Five is probably even more likely, actually.

    Sometimes you might want to write lines in the music to know where the beats in the rhythm are as well. Making notes to help you understand your music is fine. But writing the notes in your music will hinder your progress. So, figure them out whenever you read and your facility with reading music will continue growing.

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    Why Does The Scale Have Seven Notes Why Not Six

    I’m a programmer by trade, and I have always felt that music was arbitrarily difficult. Please forgive my inexperience with musical notation. I had a little thought experiment with my wife today, and I wanted to ask why we don’t do it the way I thought up.

    My wife explained to me that a scale is made up of seven notes, which we typically call ABCDEFG or Do-Re-Mi-Fa-So-La-Ti. From this answer: we know that those 7 notes are this progression:

    Every major scale has seven notes. They all start on a root note and proceed to go up in the following pattern: Whole Step, Whole Step, Half Step, Whole Step, Whole Step, Whole Step, and then a final Half Step returns to the root note .

    Why go up by a half step twice? Why not go up a whole step every time? It seems like having B# be C and Cb be B is arbitrarily complicated. Was this done just to make pianos easier to play by feel? Is there a mathematical root?

    If you will suspend your disbelief with me for a minute, what if we had a scale made up of 7 lines? The spaces in between each line represent the notes . The lines themselves represent sharps and flats. So a 1# is a 2b, etc.

    The piano would have to change to having black keys in between every white key. To offset this, the 1 keys would be wider on the left, and the 6 keys would be wider on the right so that one could still determine octaves by feel.

    Questions I’ve already looked at to make sure this isn’t a duplicate:

    A Clear Path To Learning Music Theory

    What are the seven notes of music?

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    Why Are There Only 12 Notes In Music

    The modern piano, being a totally fixed-pitch instrument, requires a system of tuning where all the differences between pitch centers are averaged out, yielding 12 equally spaced notes in each octave. That developed over time, like many other examples of standardization. Even today there are a few slightly different standards.

    Likewise What Are The 12 Notes In Music

    In Western music, there are a total of twelve notes per octave, named A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G and G#. The sharp notes, or accidentals, fall on the black keys, while the regular or naturalnotes fall on the white keys. As well as sharps, the black keys can also be flats ie, Bb, Db, Eb, Gb, and Ab.

    Music Symbol

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    What Is Standard Tuning

    Standard tuning refers to the predetermined frequency at which the strings or the keys of the musical instrument vibrate.

    The musical note A4 is tuned to the frequency = 440Hz.

    The musicians have to tune their instruments at 440 Hz.

    Therefore, the musical note A4 is known as the Stuttgart pitch or the concert pitch.

    Based on the standard tuning theory we can say that the notes played earlier have following frequencies.

    As you can see, each key produce sounds of different frequencies.

    Other Ways To Label Pitch Classes

    Why Are There 12 Notes In Music But Only 7 Letters?
    Pitch class

    , C) si

    The system described above is flexible enough to describe any pitch class in any tuning system: for example, one can use the numbers to refer to the five-tone scale that divides the octave evenly. However, in some contexts, it is convenient to use alternative labeling systems. For example, injust intonation, we may express pitches in terms of positive rational numbers p/q, expressed by reference to a 1 , which represents a fixed pitch. If a and b are two positive rational numbers, they belong to the same pitch class if and only if

    a }=2^}

    for some integern. Therefore, we can represent pitch classes in this system using ratios p/q where neither p nor q is divisible by 2, that is, as ratios of odd integers. Alternatively, we can represent just intonation pitch classes by reducing to the octave, 1 p/q < 2.

    The disadvantage of the scale-based system is that it assigns an infinite number of different names to chords that sound identical. For example, in twelve-tone equal-temperament the C major triad is notated . In twenty-four-tone equal-temperament, this same triad is labeled . Moreover, the scale-based system appears to suggest that different tuning systems use steps of the same size but have octaves of differing size , whereas in fact the opposite is true: different tuning systems divide the same octave into different-sized steps.

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    What Is The Pitch Of Musical Notes

    Pitch is the quality of a sound defined by the rate of vibrations that produced it.

    It also defines the degree of highness or lowness of the tone. The pitch is one of the elements of sound apart from volume and tone that creates the musical notes.

    What makes Lions roar sound different from a cats meow?

    It is the proportion of the pitch, volume, tone and the duration of the sound.

    We refer to these elements with different names as follows:

    • Pitch is Frequency
    • Tone is Timbre
    • Volume is Amplitude = OR Level = OR Loudness of the sound

    Heres an example for pitch of the musical notes in C Major scale.

    Ledger Or Leger Lines

    Ledger or leger lines extend the staff to pitches that fall below it. It is a short line added above or below the staff. Ledger lines are generally placed behind note heads and are spaced at the same distance as the lines of the staff. Range of notes that go beyond the two staffs are put on extra short lines or between the spaces formed between them.

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    Music Theory Basics: Notes Intervals Scales And Chords Explained

    26 October 2021

    The basic nuts and bolts of music from a piano roll perspective

    There can be little doubt that understanding how music works can help you to make better music or, at the very least, make things easier when youre at the composing stage of your project.

    Here, we take things right back to basics by explaining what notes, intervals, scales and chords are, and how theyre all related.

    Mental Flip Approach To Match Musical Notes And Their Corresponding Piano Keys

    All About Music: Human Chakra System and music

    Below is a complete diagram that shows you how each piano key matches to a specific musical note.

    It may seem overwhelming at first, so I dont encourage you to remember all the connections.

    You will find this approach below is easier to read the musical notes with their corresponding keys:

    This is called: The Mental Flip Approach.

    From your original sheet music, flip it 90 degrees clockwise.

    Then, the order from the low note to the high note in a music sheet transfers into the left side to the right side of the keyboard.

    The flow of your music sheet now is from top to bottom.

    I will leave the diagram here for your imagination without any further explanation because Im sure that you already get the concept of this approach.

    Thats it for my guide on how to read musical notes and their corresponding piano keys.

    If you have any question, please leave a comment below and I will try my best to answer it for you.

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    What Are The 12 Notes Used In Western Music

    Western music typically uses 12 notes C, D, E, F, G, A and B, plus five flats and equivalent sharps in between, which are: C sharp/D flat , D sharp/E flat, F sharp/G flat, G sharp/A flat and A sharp/B flat.

    So the final order of the 12-note chromatic scale, going upwards, is C, C sharp/D flat, D, D sharp/E flat, E, F F sharp/G flat, G, G sharp/A flat, A, A sharp/B flat, and B .

    A Complete List Of Music Symbols With Their Meaning

    From articulation to rhythm, musical notes are written in symbols or easily distinguishable marks. Each of these musical notes has a pitch, duration, and intensity. Having knowledge about these marks is beneficial when it comes to reading and composing melodies. This Melodyful article will give you the meaning of music symbols employed in Western music.

    From articulation to rhythm, musical notes are written in symbols or easily distinguishable marks. Each of these musical notes has a pitch, duration, and intensity. Having knowledge about these marks is beneficial when it comes to reading and composing melodies. This Melodyful article will give you the meaning of music symbols employed in Western music.

    The mnemonics Every Good Boy Does Fine and All Cows Eat Grass, helps kids memorize the notes on the lines of the treble clef and the spaces of the bass clef, respectively.

    Sheet music, or music notation as it is known, employs a series of symbols and marks that pertain to certain notes, pitch, and tone. Music notations are visually represented symbols, which often include both modern and ancient musical symbols.

    Modern music notation which is commonly used by musicians of different genres throughout the world is said to have their origins in European classical music. This popular system uses a five-line staff to place the musical notes. Sheet music is used as a record or a guide to perform or compose a piece of music.

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    Notes Written On The Staff

    Notes are centered on the lines or in the spaces between the lines. Stems on notes above the middle line trail down from the left of the note. Stems on notes below the middle line stick up on the right of the note. Stems on notes on the line usually go down except when adjacent notes have flags that go up. Note stems are usually one octave long. When two melodies occupy the same staff, the stems for the notes in one melody are written up and the stems for notes in the other are written down.

    Teen Finalists Workshop Musical Scores From Masterclef Competition

    Singing the seven musical notes and Aakar | Sundaraman Iyer | FrontRow
    • Cat Cutillo
    • Grand-prize winner Chase Ehrlich, a sophomore at Montpelier High School

    Vermont teen composers had their own moment in the spotlight this fall. The Vermont Symphony Orchestra worked with Jordanian Canadian composer Suad Bushnaq to develop the Masterclef competition, which invited teens to riff off of a short melody from Bushnaq’s cello concerto for orchestra called “Sampson’s Walk on Air.”

    Organizers received 25 entries and chose 13 finalists, all of whom participated in a workshop at Burlington City Hall’s Contois Auditorium on October 29.

    One by one, they stood up to present their musical creations to an audience of three dozen people, including a panel of three judges Bushnaq herself, Vermont Symphony Orchestra creative projects chair Matt LaRocca and accompanist Randal Pierce. The students’ scores were projected on the big screen as the audience listened to each composition.

    Montpelier High School sophomore Jamie Maddox-White incorporated synthesizers and a toy piano into his entry.

    “I was jamming to your piece when I listened to it the first time,” said Bushnaq, who compared the competition to the cooking show “Chopped.”

    “We gave you pasta, tomato sauce, cheese and pesto, and everyone makes a savory dish and you decided to make a dessert,” she said.

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    Music Note Names American And British

    Lets now take a look at different types of notes. The type of note indicates its duration. It indicates how long you are to hold the note. Each type of note has an American and British name.

    Whole Note or Semibreve

    The first note we shall look at is a whole note, also called a semibreve. It has a hollow head and no stem. It lasts for a duration of four beats or counts.

    Half Note or Minim

    The half note is also called a minim. Its head is hollow and it has a stem. It lasts for two beats or counts.

    Quarter Note or Crotchet

    A quarter note or crotchet has a solid head and a stem. It has a time value of one beat or count.

    Eighth Note or Quaver

    An eighth note is also called a quaver has a solid head, a stem and a flag. Eighth notes can be beamed together. It lasts for half a beat and receives half a beat or count. There are two eighth notes in one beat.

    Sixteenth Note or Semiquaver

    The British name for a sixteenth note is semiquaver. Sixteenth notes may be beamed together in the same way as eighth notes. This note has a solid head, a stem and two flags.

    Other notes include the thirty second note, which has the British name Demisemiquaver. Thirty second notes have three flags and are beamed together like eighth notes and sixteenth notes.

    Theres even a sixty fourth note. Its UK name is hemidemisemiquaver. Funny, right? Quite interesting name. It has four flags and is the shortest note in general notation use.

    Note Names And Their History

    Music notation systems have used letters of the alphabet for centuries. The 6th-century philosopher Boethius is known to have used the first fourteen letters of the classical Latin alphabet ,

    A B C D E F G H I K L M N O,

    to signify the notes of the two-octave range that was in use at the time and in modern scientific pitch notation are represented as

    A2 B2 C3 D3 E3 F3 G3 A3 B3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4.

    Though it is not known whether this was his devising or common usage at the time, this is nonetheless called Boethian notation. Although Boethius is the first author known to use this nomenclature in the literature, Ptolemy wrote of the two-octave range five centuries before, calling it the perfect system or complete system as opposed to other, smaller-range note systems that did not contain all possible species of octave .

    Following this, the range of used notes was extended to three octaves, and the system of repeating letters AG in each octave was introduced, these being written as lower-case for the second octave and double lower-case letters for the third . When the range was extended down by one note, to a G, that note was denoted using the Greek letter gamma .

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    Maxima Or Octuple Whole Note

    Used specifically in early music, the maxima or the octuple longa is considered to be a rare musical note that is twice as long as the longa, or eight to twelve times as long as a semibreve. Incidentally, the duplex longa or maxima occurs only in instances of early music. It resembles a quadruple whole note, except that the horizontal bars are slightly longer than the longa notes.

    The maxima rest is symbolized by two longa rests, or the more modern alternative for it is a filled-in longa rests.

    Musical Notes On A Piano Keyboard

    D& AD Blog: Typography

    There are 7 core musical notes in music, which are represented by the first 7 letters in the alphabet:

    A B C D E F G

    Now, lets match them with the keys on a piano keyboard.

    First lets talk about the structure of a keyboard:

    A standard piano keyboard contains 52 white keys, 36 black keys, 88 keys in total.

    It is divided by 7 octaves, an octave is a set of keys which has 7 white keys and 5 black keys.

    Lets dive deep into an octave:

    Youll see that an octave is divided into 2 groups:

    • Group 1 has 2 black keys and 3 white keys. Lets call this group chopsticks group
    • Group 2 has 3 black keys and 4 white keys. So, we have fork group

    Okay, now, lets match the notes with the keys:

    • The first letter of Chopsticks is C. So, the first white key in the chopsticks group is C.
    • Similarly, the first letter of Fork is F, then the first white key in the fork group is F.

    Its so easy to remember, isnt it?

    To name other white keys, lets start at C. Then, well count from the left to the right by the order of the alphabet:

    C, D, E, F, G, A, B.

    Repeat that pattern above then we will be able to read all white keys on a keyboard:

    Thats it for reading all white keys on a keyboard.

    To avoid overwhelming in the beginning, we wont learn the names of black keys.


  • 7 core musical notes are the first 7 letters of the alphabet: A B C D E F G
  • An octave has 5 black keys, 7 white keys with the chopsticks on the left side, and the fork on the right side
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