Music Disrupts Studying And Work Performance
In a simultaneously amusing and terrifying-sounding study out of the University of Wales, researchers examined the ability of subjects to recall information while being exposed to various sounds. Five different conditions were employedsilence, music favored by the subject, music the subject did not like, a voice repeating random numbers, and a voice repeating the number three. Why three and not a different number or a random word like spoon? Were glad you asked, because we thought the same thing, but the study didnt clarify. Sorry.
At any rate, subjects were found to have performed the most poorly when listening to musicany music, whether they liked it or not. They performed best in silence . . . and while listening to the repeated number three. The authors speculated that the changing patterns of notes and phrases may negatively affect the ability to recall things in sequence, but curiously, they did not speculate on what the deal could have been with the whole repeated number three thing.
Readers of a certain age may recall something called the Mozart Effect, a term coined by similar research in the 1990s, which suggested that some types of music can increase concentration. However, subsequent studies havent borne out this conclusion, and this recent one seems to have put the final nail in its coffin.
Feel Healthy With Dr Scott Lear
Music has charms to soothe a savage beast. Or so it was said in William Congreves 1697 play The Mourning Bride. Music has been with us for millennia. Its part of all cultures throughout the world. Whether its classical, dance, folk, rock, country or heavy metal, we listen to music for one key reason, because we enjoy it. But there are also a number of other reasons why music is good for you.
Music May Improve Immune Functioning
Can listening to music actually help prevent disease? Some researchers think so.
Wilkes University researchers looked at how music affects levels of IgAan important antibody for our immune systems first line of defense against disease. Undergraduate students had their salivary IgA levels measured before and after 30 minutes of exposure to one of four conditionslistening to a tone click, a radio broadcast, a tape of soothing music, or silence. Those students exposed to the soothing music had significantly greater increases in IgA than any of the other conditions, suggesting that exposure to music might improve innate immunity.
Another study from Massachusetts General Hospital found that listening to Mozarts piano sonatas helped relax critically ill patients by lowering stress hormone levels, but the music also decreased blood levels of interleukin-6a protein that has been implicated in higher mortality rates, diabetes, and heart problems.
According to a 2013 meta-analysis, authors Mona Lisa Chanda and Daniel Levitin concluded that music has the potential to augment immune response systems, but that the findings to date are preliminary. Still, as Levitin notes in one article on the study, I think the promise of music as medicine is that its natural and its cheap and it doesnt have the unwanted side effects that many pharmaceutical products do.
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Keep Your Brain Young With Music
If you want to firm up your body, head to the gym. If you want to exercise your brain, listen to music.
There are few things that stimulate the brain the way music does, says one Johns Hopkins otolaryngologist. If you want to keep your brain engaged throughout the aging process, listening to or playing music is a great tool. It provides a total brain workout.
Research has shown that listening to music can reduce anxiety, blood pressure, and pain as well as improve sleep quality, mood, mental alertness, and memory.
An Effective Stress Reliever
When feeling stressed, you may find listening to your favorite music makes you feel better and there are numerous studies that support this effect.
A study reported by MNT last month, for example, found that infants remained calmer for longer when they were played music rather than spoken to even when speech involved baby talk.
The study researchers, including Prof. Isabelle Peretz of the Center for Research on Brain, Music and Language at the University of Montreal in Canada, suggested the repetitive pattern of the music the infants listened to reduced distress, possibly by promoting entrainment the ability of the bodys internal rhythms to synchronize with external rhythms, pulses or beats.
Another study conducted in 2013 found that not only did listening to music help reduce pain and anxiety for children at the UKs Great Ormond Street Hospital, it helped reduce stress independent of social factors.
According to some researchers, music may help alleviate stress by lowering the bodys cortisol levels the hormone released in response to stress.
The review by Dr. Levitin and colleagues, however, suggests this stress-relieving effect is dependent on what type of music one listens to, with relaxing music found most likely to lower cortisol levels.
Musics effect on heart rate and its potential as a stress reliever has led a number of researchers to believe music may also be effective for treating heart conditions.
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Music May Help You Sleep Better
Insomnia is a serious problem that affects people of all age groups. While there are many approaches to treating this problem, research has demonstrated that listening to relaxing classical music can be a safe, effective, and affordable remedy.
In a study looking at college students, participants listened to classical music, an audiobook, or nothing at all at bedtime for three weeks. Researchers assessed sleep quality both before and after the intervention.
The study found that participants who had listened to music had significantly better sleep quality than those who had listened to the audiobook or received no intervention.
Music Can Help Manage Pain
Research has shown that music can be very helpful in the management of pain. One study of fibromyalgia patients found that those who listened to music for just one hour a day experienced a significant reduction in pain compared to those in a control group.
At the end of the four-week study period, participants who had listened to music each day experienced significant reductions in feelings of pain and depression. Such results suggest that music therapy could be an important tool in the treatment of chronic pain.
A 2015 review of research on the effects of music on pain management found that patients who listened to music before, during, or even after surgery experienced less pain and anxiety than those who did not listen to music.
While listening to music at any point in time was effective, the researchers noted that listening to music pre-surgery resulted in better outcomes. The review looked at data from more than 7,000 patients and found that music listeners also required less medication to manage their pain. There was also a slightly greater, though not statistically significant, improvement in pain management results when patients were allowed to select their own music.
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It Can Help People On Diets
You now how difficult it is to eat slowly, chew your food properly, and really enjoy it. Playing soft music and dimming lights in dining areas has been found to help people enjoy their food more and eat less! This is the main result of a study carried out at Cornell University. On the other hand, places like fast food joints use brighter lights to encourage fast eating and more profit for the business. You can improve the way you experience food by being more intentional in the way you eat, including playing soft music during meals.
We look forward to hearing about the ways you have benefited from listening to classic music. Post your stories in the comments below!
If you make your own coffee in the morning, chances are youre only making the same boring kind everyday. Now its time to put an end to the cynical habit and turn you into an instant coffee connoisseur.
For those who dont know, there are officially 38 different ways to make coffee. All, except decaffeinated versions will give you the same buzz that can either make you extremely productive or give you anxiety.
The only difference here is taste. And when it comes to coffee, taste matters. A lot.
Most of the methods and ingredients from the chart above dates back hundreds of years and have been traditionally passed down from generation to generation. Hence, its actually possible to tell where a person came from based on the type of coffee he or she drinks!
It Will Help You Focus More
Rather than distracting college students, a Stanford study found that music moves brain to pay attention. Researchers utilized musical compositions from the 1800s in their study and found that music engages the areas of the brain involved with paying attention, making predictions and updating the event in memory . They believe that music choice was influential in brain processing, revealing, The goal of the study was to look at how the brain sorts out events, but the research also revealed that musical techniques used by composers 200 years ago help the brain organize incoming information . Mozart, Bach, and Beethoven can help students categorize information, which is an influential asset to studying.
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New Studies Are Suggesting That Music Can Be More Powerful Than Medication
When I gave birth to my first-born, I listened to CDs of classical music in the hospital. I figured that music would help calm me and distract me from the pain.
You might use music to distract yourself from painful or stressful situations, too. Or perhaps youve listened to music while studying or working out, hoping to up your performance. Though you may sense that music helps you feel better somehow, only recently has science begun to figure out why that is.
Neuroscientists have discovered that listening to music heightens positive emotion through the reward centers of our brain, stimulating hits of dopamine that can make us feel good, or even elated. Listening to music also lights up other areas of the brainin fact, almost no brain center is left untouchedsuggesting more widespread effects and potential uses for music.
Musics neurological reach, and its historic role in healing and cultural rituals, has led researchers to consider ways music may improve our health and wellbeing. In particular, researchers have looked for applications in health-carefor example, helping patients during post-surgery recovery or improving outcomes for people with Alzheimers. In some cases, musics positive impacts on health have been more powerful than medication.
Here are five ways that music seems to impact our health and wellbeing.
How Music Can Change The Way You Feel And Act
Music is present in every part of our lives. Our spiritual rituals are framed with songs, children learn the alphabet through song and the malls and cafes we visit during our leisure time are rarely silent.
But just how much can this ever-present thing impact us and the way we act and feel? Research suggests music can influence us a lot. It can impact illness, depression, spending, productivity and our perception of the world.
Some research has suggested it can increase aggressive thoughts, or encourage crime.
Recently, a UK study explored how drill music a genre of rap characterized by threatening lyrics might be linked to attention-seeking crime. Thats not new, but the emergence of social media allows more recording and sharing.
The content of these songs is about gang rivalry, and unlike other genres, the audience might judge the performer based on whether he will follow through with what he claims in his lyrics, writes the studys author, Craig Pinkney, a criminologist and lecturer at the University College Birmingham, in the UK.
Beside music, the paper looks at social medias role in fueling violence. The online platforms readily used by many, have given gang rivalries the chance to move online and encourage comments from supporters and opposing groups, which only adds to the pressure to react.
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Suggested Questions To Ask
The client should feel comfortable to ask their therapist questions and express their needs throughout the duration of the therapist-client relationship. When the therapist suggests a working diagnosis, it should also be understood that the client is the most important member of the diagnostic process and has the right to obtain clarity by asking questions, taking notes, and being actively involved. Although the questions below are based in the medical profession, they are relevant to all clients. Out of seven questions posed by Helene Epstein, here are four relatable key questions:
What kind of test will I have?
It is important for the client to know what kind of tests the therapist plans to administer. There are many different types of tests and ways to identify the source of a clients concern.
Why do you think I need this test?
It is important for the client to understand why their therapist is even recommending the test in the first place, as not every test is essential, and some may be invasive or expensive. The client has the right to ask whether theres an alternative, if it is costly, or if the test is necessary.
What do I need to do to prepare for this test?
While not every test requires specific planning, some might. If this is not communicated in advance, the client may have to reschedule.
When will I get the results?
Despite these sobering statistics, Im confident that we can prevent suicide.
What Is The Mozart Effect And Does Mozart Actually Make You Smarter
The Mozart Effect is an apparent improvement in scores on IQ tests found in students who listened to classical music compared to other conditions, such as repetitive music, silence or relaxation. But the effect is modest and temporary. In a review of 16 such studies, it amounted to about two IQ points. Learning to play an instrument, however, has been determined by psychologists to be a cognitively stimulating activity that is, it helps to maintain our thinking skills and translates into better function in everyday life, something psychologists call far transfer. But such transfer is completely dependent on the extent to which the learning process challenges the brain.
There is also evidence that playing and listening to music improves our cognitive reserve our capacity to deal with the adverse events of life. Numerous studies, many involving large data sets , have shown the pernicious effects of both social isolation and chronic loneliness. Both are associated with an increased risk of mortality, and loneliness in particular is as bad for your health as smoking 15 cigarettes per day or drinking a bottle of gin per day. Singing or dancing together is a good way to increase social connections with other people and reduce loneliness, which is good for brain health, reducing the risk of cognitive decline.
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Music Reduces Stress And Anxiety
My choice to bring music into the birthing room was probably a good one. Research has shown that listening to musicat least music with a slow tempo and low pitch, without lyrics or loud instrumentationcan calm people down, even during highly stressful or painful events.
Music can prevent anxiety-induced increases in heart rate and systolic blood pressure, and decrease cortisol levelsall biological markers of stress. In one study, researchers found that patients receiving surgery for hernia repair who listened to music after surgery experienced decreased plasma cortisol levels and required significantly less morphine to manage their pain. In another study involving surgery patients, the stress reducing effects of music were more powerful than the effect of an orally-administered anxiolytic drug.
The Power Of Music: How It Can Benefit Health
I think music in itself is healing, American musician Billy Joel once said. Its an explosive expression of humanity. Its something we are all touched by. No matter what culture were from, everyone loves music. Most of us would wholeheartedly agree with this statement, and it is this universal bond with music that has led researchers across the globe to investigate its therapeutic potential.
We can all think of at least one song that, when we hear it, triggers an emotional response. It might be a song that accompanied the first dance at your wedding, for example, or a song that reminds you of a difficult break-up or the loss of a loved one.
We have a such a deep connection to music because it is hardwired in our brains and bodies, Barbara Else, senior advisor of policy and research at the American Music Therapy Association told Medical News Today. The elements of music rhythm, melody, etc. are echoed in our physiology, functioning and being.
Given the deep connection we have with music, it is perhaps unsurprising that numerous studies have shown it can benefit our mental health. A 2011 study by researchers from McGill University in Canada found that listening to music increases the amount of dopamine produced in the brain a mood-enhancing chemical, making it a feasible treatment for depression.
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